Sources for the history of bar mitzvah and bat mitzvah

Here you can find primary sources used in my book Bar Mitzvah: A History.  In the book all sources are cited in English only – this website includes the original languages. Please use the comments box to give feedback on nuances of translation or the value you attach to the source.


  1. Sources for the origin of the ceremony of bar mitzvah (for boys)
  2. Community rules for the regulation of bar mitzvah
  3. Sources for the origin of bat mitzvah (for girls)


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